Letter from the Alliance in Defense of the Rivers of the Amazon to President Dilma

Her Excellency Madam Dilma Rousseff
President of the Federative Republic of Brazil

Brasília, February 8, 2011

Your Excellency,

First, we congratulate your Excellency for your election as the first female president of Brazil, a fact of enormous historical importance.

At the same time we, representatives of social movements that include: indigenous, riparian, farmers, quilombolas (descendants of slave communities) and other populations that inhabit the Amazon basin; representatives of the Alliance in Defense of Amazon Rivers and other civil society partners, denounce the serious errors in the planning and construction process of mega-dam projects in the Amazon region. We also present new proposals for guidelines to overcome the problems identified.

In January 2011, a special committee of "Dam-Affected People" of the Council for the Defense of Human Rights (CDDPH) launched an important report that studied the effects of dam development in various case studies, including the Tucurui dam. The report concluded that: "the current pattern of hydropower development has led to recurring human rights' violations, which ultimately worsen already serious existing social inequalities resulting in increased poverty and disintegration of individuals, families and society."

Your Excellency, our experience with the development of mega-dams projects in the Amazon, such as the Estreito dam on the Tocantins river, the Santo Antonio and Jirau dams on the Madeira river, the Belo Monte complex on the Xingu river and the hydroelectric dams proposed for the Tapajos, Jamanxim and Teles Pires river, completely support this and other conclusions of the Special Committee's report. Accordingly, we also present the following findings:

1. Although we recognize the important contribution that hydroelectricity represents for the Brazilian energy matrix, the rush to to build an unprecedented number of dams in the Amazon during the upcoming years is shocking and of great concern. Among these proposed dams are: approximately 70 large dams (UHEs) and 177 small hydro-electric dams (PCHs), including 11 large dams in the Tapajos-Teles Pires basin alone, according to data from PNE (National Energy Plan) and from the PDE (Energy Expansion Plan). The enormous weight given in these plans to the construction of new hydro-electric dams in the Amazon region, reflects that the planning process in the electricity sector is carried out without democratic participation as demonstrated by the lack of appointment of civil society representatives (e.g.: the lack of a Brazilian University representative in the National Council of Energy Policy (CNPE). This action violates Decree 5793 of May 29, 2006. It also reflects the close relations between the government's energy sector (e.g.: MME (Ministry of Environment), EPE (Energy Research Company and Eletrobrás), currently led by the Sarney group of the PMDB party and large contractors such as Odebrecht, Camargo Correa, Andrade Gutierrez, which it should be recalled are also major donors to electoral campaigns. The results of this deficient institutional framework are planning decisions that are driven by private sector, economic reasoning rather than by criteria such as economic efficiency, social justice and environmental sustainability, that is to say strategic public interests which are enshrined in the Federal Constitution of 1988.

2. Your Excellency, the recent process of hydropower planning and development in the Amazon basin (Estreito, Santo Antônio, Jirau, Belo Monte, Tapajós/Teles Pires and others) led by Eletrobrás and large contractors has been characterized as a "real steamroller" of local and indigenous communities and their territories. The unequal process systematically violates individual and collective human rights and environmental legislation. Another of the characteristic of this "steamroller" process is the predominance of safeguarding private interests between Eletrobrás and its partners that seek to minimize the financial burden associated with the mitigation and compensation processes for the environmental and social impacts of the projects.

3. One of the chronic failures of the hydropower planning process, is the underestimation of the social and environmental impacts of Amazon basin dams in reports, inventories and other required studies (e.g.: feasibility and environmental impact assessments) carried out by Eletrobrás and its private sector partners. Examples of these are:

a) Adoption of concepts of "affected peoples" that ignore the specific relationships between traditional communities and their natural ecosystems such as forests, wetlands, flooded forests and rivers in the Amazon, that are necessary for agriculture, extractive projects, small-scale fishing and other productive activities, as well as fluvial transportation which are integral to supporting communities' social, economic and cultural livelihoods. In extreme cases, this situation can make whole communities' (such as extractivists, fishers, boatmen and wild cat miners) interests "invisible" and deny the existence of negative impacts and associated risks, including human rights violations for the sake of economic profit. These practices are particularly repellant in case of uncontacted indigenous groups who live in areas where the uncontrolled development of the Jirau and Belo Monte dams forges ahead.
b) The under-estimation of problems associated with the arrival of thousands of migrants looking for work on the construction sites, along with the increase in urban violence, drug trafficking, child prostitution and the increased demand on public services in towns and cities, and example of which can be seen in the calamitous state of public health and prison system in Porto Velho. As demonstrated in cases like that of Tucurui, an important environmental impact of dams is related to the influx of migrants and the increase in deforestation before, during and after the construction phase.
c) The artificial reduction of geographic areas to be impacted by hydroelectric dams in the Environmental Impact Studies (EIA). Companies often ignore other social and environmental dynamics that take place in the lands to be affected by these projects to make reductions. An example of this interaction is migratory fish which are an important economic base for subsistence of river dwelling populations. Environmental resolutions such as CONAMA 01/86 which requires the examination of the environmental impacts in a river basin, were completely ignored in the Belo Monte and Madeira dam projects. This is facilitated in the EIAs by the improper use of concepts of AIDs (directly influenced areas), ADAs (directly affected areas) and AIIs (indirectly influenced areas), which are not present in the current environmental legislation.
d) Social and environmental impacts, and associated risks are often underestimated and denied, despite the existence of scientific data that support such conclusions, as in the case of the omission of canal to feed an artificial dam that would divert 80% of the flow of the Xingu at Pimental. In this case, the EIA did underestimated the impacts for a 100 km stretch in the Volta Grande do Xingu that would be left without water, fish and means of transportation, due to the construction of this dam. The dam will force indigenous communities like the Arara and the Paquiçamba out of their territories, which is against the Constitution. Other environmental impacts related to the planning of dams which are typically underestimated or ignored include among others, threats to biodiversity and methane emissions, a powerful greenhouse gas which is 23 times more potent than CO2.
e) The omission of dams' cumulative impacts in EIAs such as: other dams in the same watershed, transmissions lines, waterways, road and the expansion associated with frontier production of agricultural, forest and mineral commodities. This is against the CONAMA's Resolution 01 / 86.
f) Changes in the engineering design or the location of the project, such as the hydroelectric dams on the Madeira and the Xingu River, to save construction costs for business after the preliminary license is granted. These changes are made without further social and environmental impact studies on the safety of dams and reservoirs.

4. Another alarming characteristic of the hydroelectric dams' planning process is the lack of transparency, lack of access to information, lack of informed participation by local populations and lack of dialogue between the government and civil society representatives. Additionally, chronic problems exist within public hearings and licensing processes for large dams which violation current legislation such as:

a) authorization by IBAMA of incomplete and distorted Environmental Impact Assessments (EIAs) used as the basis for public hearings;
b) Lack of proper dissemination of the EIAs in accessible language and lack of copies made available to the communities, enough in advance to allow analysis and discussion before the public hearings.
c) A significant amount of the hearings have taken place in areas which a significant part of the population most threatened by the projects does not have the opportunity to participate.
d) The use of a repressive political apparatus at the hearings that inhibits the effective participation of local society.
e) The results of the public hearings are not taken in consideration during the decision-making process regarding the environmental viability of hydroelectric dams, this turning them into merely bureaucratic steps to legitimize decisions which have already been made about badly planned projects.

With regard to the absence of dialogue regarding the construction of new dams in the Amazon, there is much documentation of the numerous occasions on which complaints, appeals and demands from indigenous peoples and other social movements that have been ignored by the government, whilst invitations from civil society organizations, academic institutions and the Public Ministry to participate in public debates are declined. Moreover, studies and recommendations from experts, who can significantly add to the dialogue on the planning and licensing of dams have also been rejected.

5. Your Excellency, one of the most severe examples of the lack of transparency and dialogue between the government and civil society in the planning process of dams is the failure to comply with article 231 of the Federal Constitution and Convention 169 of the ILO, which safeguard indigenous communities' right to free, prior and informed consent regarding the projects which affect their land and their lives. Instead of complying with these laws, proponents of hydro projects have looked for ways to get around them. For example, Belo Monte's developers tried to argue that Article 231.3 of the Federal Constitution was not applicable to the project, as if the diversion of 80% of the water of the Big Bend of the Xingu River, where the Paquiçamba and Arara of the Volta Grande indigenous territories are located, was not a means of using hydric resources on indigenous territories!

6. While local communities are left without access to reliable information about the potential risks and impacts of large dams and there is no effective dialogue with the government, the official government propaganda spreads misleading information about the projects, making it out to be a panacea for the problems of regional development, as if by magic, the developers were able to annul a historic deficit of public policies in the Amazon.

7. When the above mentioned problems were brought to the government's attention, the typical response has been to intensify political pressures on agencies such as FUNAI and IBAMA to expedite the environmental licensing process. The politicization of the environmental licensing process has been characterized by the disregarding of advice from IBAMA's and FUNAI's technical staff. The presidents of IBAMA and FUNAI have wrongly issued Prior Licenses to development projects that are not environmentally viable and Installation Licenses (even the creation of "partial licenses" which are nonexistent in Brazilian Environmental Law) have been granted without compliance with the Prior License.

Similarly, we reject the granting of the "partial" Installation License for the Belo Monte Hydroelectric Complex on January 26, 2011, without compliance with the prior license's requirements. The prior license itself was issued under strong political pressure, going against studies by IBAMA's technical team and other specialists. The granting of the partial license to Belo Monte was supported by another serious act; on January 20, the president of FUNAI sent an official letter to IBAMA giving his approval to grant the partial license. This process took place without the proper submission of any documentation of compliance with LP requirements. Other FUNAI staff were against this decision as shown by report 22/CGGAM of January 14, 2011.

8. There are serious shortcomings in the economic viability approval procedures of large dams, as demonstrated in the Belo Monte project. Firstly, the mitigation costs and the environmental and social impact risk and compensation costs are underestimated. In fact, many dams would never be considered "economically viable" if their true socio-environmental costs were incorporated in the analysis, rather than being systematically "externalized". In the case of the Belo Monte dam, uncertainties have persisted about the construction cost of the project (which rose from 20 to 26 billion reais since the auction). These uncertainties were not resolved in the Technical and Economic Feasibility Study (EVTE). Another serious problem regarding the economic feasibility of Belo Monte is its reduced energy generating capacity (average of 4.420MW) in relation to its installed capacity of 11.233MW (ie 39%) owing to the seasonality of the Xingu River which is becoming more extreme with climate change.

Despite a series of flaws identified by its technicians, with indications that the Belo Monte complex would be a bad investment for the country, advisers of the Court of Audit decided to "politically" approve the feasibility studies (EVTE) and the environmental impact studies (EIA), with small caveats regarding the necessity for corrections in future projects.

It is worth noting that the strong indications of economic infeasibility of Belo Monte led to many large private investors pulling out during the auction stage. In response, instead of reviewing the accounts for Belo Monte and reconsidering its economic viability, the government launched a package of fiscal and credit incentives, funded by the Brazilian tax payer, but even so did not manage to attract many private investors. In the end, a comfortable situation was created for large companies that were hired without competitive bidding and without any investment risks, whilst the financial risks (including a massive loan from BNDES) are passed on to the taxpayer and to pension funds such as Petros, Funcef and Previ.

9. The implementation phase of mega-dams in the Amazon has been accompanied by other recurring problems, partly related to those described in the planning stage. The most crucial are:

a) Compensation and resettlement procedures of affected communities led by private corporations ignore the specific needs of the livelihoods of Amazonian communities and do not consider organizations representing local communities, rather they contribute to the social, economic and cultural destruction of families and communities.
b) the link between environmental conditions and programs of a ‘Basic Environmental Plan' (‘Plano Básico Ambiental' - PBA), as well as the ‘Environmental Compensation Plan' (‘Plano de Compensação Ambiental'- PCA) which are characterized by a lack of transparency and participation in their elaboration and execution, for their generic content and lack of operational profile, and for serious problems regarding the mitigation of impacts and the underestimated risks in the environmental impact assessment stage.
c) The failure to coordinate the timing of the implementation of socio-environmental conditions and the operation program. For example, the first steps of the recognition and protection of uncontacted indigenous groups in the vicinity of the Jirau dam on the Madeira river were taken after the dam reached an advanced stage construction.
d) The lack of effective monitoring of socio-environmental impacts and IBAMA's failure to strictly monitor projects' compliance with the conditions of environmental licenses. IBAMA is lacking in an adequate institutional structure at the state level.

10. Your Excellency, the various illegalities in the licensing and implementation process of mega dam projects in the Amazon have led to the Public Prosecutor filing lawsuits, as part of its responsibility to defend the rule of law and the public interest. In the Belo Monte case alone, the federal prosecutors of the state of Pará filed ten lawsuits. Instead of acknowledging errors and trying to correct them, the federal government, represented by the Solicitor General (AGU), is pressing presidents of the Federal Regional Court (TRF1) to improperly use the "suspension of security" instrument with unfounded arguments about the imminence of a black out in the electricity sector, to justify the overthrow of injunctions against the project. The result of this action has been the violation of individual and collective rights of populations threatened by large dams in the Amazon.

11. Furthermore, the AGU has adopted intimidation practices toward prosecutors and federal judges who have criticized human rights violations and other irregularities in the construction of hydroelectric dams, simply for having complied with their constitutional duties. Similarly, government representatives of the government such as Minister Edison Lobao have adopted intimidation and even ‘demonization' practices toward indigenous communities, social movements, and other social entities that oppose the current implementation of illegal and destructive mega-dam projects in the Amazon, harking back to the military dictatorship era.

Your Excellency, the government has stated that it is necessary to build an unprecedented number of hydroelectric dams in the Amazon to provide clean and cheap energy to the country, to sustain Brazil's rapid growth rate and to avoid the collapse of the energy sector, while meeting the needs of a growing population, particularly the poor whose purchasing power has increased in recent years. In response to these claims, we would say the following:

  • Large dams in the Amazon such as Belo Monte are not a source of ‘clean' energy. On the contrary, they lead to the eviction of indigenous peoples, river dwellers, extractive populations, quilombolas (descendants of slaves), fishermen and farmers from their homes, villages, fields, forest and rivers. This leads to the disintegration of families and communities, the drying up of rivers and the devastation of forests, and brings to our cities unemployment, violence, prostitution, drug trafficking, hunger and misery. Finally, this is accompanied by intimidation and even death threats received by human rights defenders, and the criminalization of social movements. How can these destructive projects be described as "clean"?
  • The price of energy from large hydropower plants in the Amazon does not take into consideration the true costs associated with social and environmental impacts, including human rights violations, which are never quantified. Furthermore, it reflects the generous credit subsidies and fiscal incentives that benefit the dam construction industry, which are paid for by the tax payer.
  • Much of the power from the new hydroelectric dams in the Amazon would be used by energy-intensive industries that export aluminum and iron ore with little added value, generating very few jobs in the region, and not benefiting the poorest members of society, as the government claims.
  • The obsession of the government's electricity sector with the construction of an unprecedented number of hydroelectric dams in the Amazon hinders the practice of an energy policy and development strategies which meet the challenges of the 21st century, namely energy efficiency, a diversified energy matrix, technological innovation and the expansion of the use of truly clean energy sources, such as wind and solar power.

In conclusion, the emphasis of the PAC (Accelerated Growth Program) on hydropower and other major infrastructure works in the Amazon has neglected opportunities to promote another type of development for the 21st Century, based on the concerns of the local populations and centered on the principles of social justice, environmental sustainability and economic innovation, with an appreciation for biodiversity and the environment. Consequently, innovative plans such as the BR-163 Sustainability Plan, built on strong civil society leadership, are abandoned in favor of conventional means of development such as the mega-projects of the PAC.

Proposals for future action

Your Excellency, the findings reported in this letter reflect the conclusions of the special committee of "Dam-Affected People" of the Council for the Defense of Human Rights (CDDPH) and reveal a serious scenario which is inconsistent with the commitments made during your inaugural speech. Effective and long-lasting solutions are urgently required. We therefore present your Excellency with the following proposals for your consideration:

1. Democratize the energy planning process and make it a transparent and participatory process, that presents effective opportunities for debate and dialogue between the government and civil society representatives from social movements, NGOs and academia. A positive step in this direction would be the appointment of representatives from civil society and Brazilian universities to the National Council for Energy Policy (CNPE), in accordance with the Decree No. 5793 of May 29, 2006 in consultation with their respective networks;

2. Guarantee the adoption of a broad perspective in the planning process of the energy matrix, through the implementation of impact assessment methodologies that consider and internalize socio-environmental costs which are currently being externalized, and implement cost-benefit analysis of social, environmental and economic issues that permit the identification of alternatives with greater social, economic and environmental benefits that are less costly to society and the environment. Consequently, the strategic orientation of Brazil's energy policy for the 21st century should include, among other focuses:

a) The prioritization of the maximization of energy efficiency in generation systems (including increasing existing hydroelectric capacity), transmission and consumption (e.g.: industrial, commercial and residential). It is important to remember that in Brazil energy wasted in transmission systems accounts for 20 giga-watts, the equivalent of five Belo Monte dams!
b) The provision of support for technological development and the expansion of the scale of alternative renewable sources such as wind, solar and biomass;
c) The guaranteeing of the full respect for human rights, including the rights of indigenous and traditional peoples to their territories, while recognizing the dynamic of ecological systems during the planning of the projects;
d) The full articulation of the development of energy policy, including the National Energy Plan (PNE) with other strategic public policies related to the management of hydrographical basins, protected areas, land development, biodiversity conservation, climate change and the rights of traditional populations.

3. Urgently implement the recommendations of the special committee of "Dam-Affected People" of the Council for the Defense of Human Rights (CDDPH) in the following manner, in the Amazon and other regions of the country:

a) The immediate suspension of situations, processes and actions for which public or private agents are directly or indirectly responsible, which lead to the violation of human rights
b) The mitigation and compensation for human rights violations, in order to gradually repay the social and environmental debt which has accumulated during the last decades;
c) The prevention of future violations through policies, programs and legal frameworks that guarantee the full enjoyment of human rights by peoples, social groups, communities, families and individuals affected by dams.

4. Guarantee full respect for human rights protection and environmental legislation in the planning and licensing process of hydroelectric dams, including indigenous peoples' right to consultation and to give their free, prior and informed consent in accordance with the article 231 of the Constitution and ILO Convention 169.

5. Definitively cancel the Belo Monte dam complex in accordance with social, environmental and economic infeasibility of the project, and the immediate suspension of the environmental licenses (LP and LI permits) granted by IBAMA's President with the unfounded approval of FUNAI's president. These measures must be taken with the utmost urgency, considering irreparable ecological, social, cultural and economic damage that might result in a volatile social situation.

If the government continues to trample with environmental laws and shove Belo Monte down the throats of indigenous people, farmers and other social groups in the area, we reaffirm that we will use all our strength and effort to continue to fight this destructive project. We have the law on our side and increasing support of thousands of Brazilians and concerned citizens around the world. The Brazilian government will be held responsible for any blood shed during this fight.

6. Review the concepts, methodologies and tools that guide the planning process of new dams (large power plants and small hydroelectric centers), with the purpose of overcoming deficiencies identified by this letter. Special attention should be given to the socioenvironmental impact analysis tools, the analysis of alternative options, and transparency and social participation.

7. Facilitate, in a transparent and participatory manner, the definition and implementation by BNDES and other public banks of a set of strategic guidelines for investments in the energy sector, associated with a new policy of socioenvironmental safeguards created with full respect for human rights and the environment.

8. Guide the AGU to immediately put a stop practices that are intended to accelerate the licensing process of mega-dams, whilst ensuring the full recognition of Brazilian law and applicable international agreements on human rights and environmental protections, and the legal responsibilities of federal prosecutors and judges (of federal courts, TRF1).

9. Establish that Electrobras, in its institutional role and as a member of consortia and the Special Purposes Entities (SPE) should not allow, under any circumstance, intimidation and coercion practices toward communities and social movements in order to further hydroelectric development.

10. Facilitate independent systems to monitor the environmental and social impact of dams and other large infra-structure projects, costed by the project developer, which allow local populations to independently monitor the project developer's compliance with its obligations in the different licensing phases of the projects (LP, LI, LO).

11. Promote measures to strengthen IBAMA's institutional capacity, including its regional offices, to help it meet its legal obligation of effectively supervising the conditions of environmental permits associated with dams and other large scale projects.

12. Guarantee support to local and regional participatory development initiatives in the Amazon aimed at increasing the quality of life of indigenous communities, riparian communities, quilombolas (descendants of slaves), farmers and other rural and urban groups. These initiatives should aim to generate jobs and income, while respecting cultural and environmental diversity.

Your Excellency, we appreciate your attention and we hope you will respond as soon as possible, so we can work together and advance the discussion and implementation of the previously mentioned proposals, particularly those regarding matters of utmost urgency.


Aliança dos Rios da Amazônia

Movimento Xingu Vivo para Sempre - MXVPS

Aliança Tapajós Vivo

Movimento Teles Pires Vivo

Campanha Popular Viva o Rio Madeira Vivo

Coordenação das Organizações Indígenas da Amazônia Brasileira - COIAB

Movimento dos Atingidos por Barragens - MAB

Communities and Partner Organizations supporting this letter:

Aldeia Paquiçamba
Amazon Watch
Amigos da Terra - Brasil
Articulação dos Povos Indígenas do Brasil - APIB
Associação dos Povos Indígenas Juruna do Xingu km 17 - APIJUX KM 17
Associação do Povo Indígena Arara do Maia - ARIAM
Associação Indígena Tembé  de Santa Maria do Para - AITESAMPA
Associação dos Agricultores da Volta Grande do Xingu
Associação dos Agricultores Ribeirinhos do Arroz Cru
Associação dos Agricultores Ribeirinhos do PDS Itatá
Associação dos Agricultores Familiares do Canoé e Cutião
Associação dos Pequenos Agricultores da Gleba Paquiçamba
Associação dos Pequenos Produtores, Extrativistas e Pescadores da Região do Arroz Cru
Associação dos Produtores Orgânicos da Volta Grande do Xingu
Associação Radio Comunitária de Altamira
Associação Brasileira de Ongs - Regional Amazônia (ABONG/Regional Amazônia) Associação AARPI
Centro Cultural Ambiental e Social Garoa (Campinas - SP)
Colônia de Pescadores de Porto de Moz Z-64
Comissão de Justiça e Paz - CJP
Comissão Pastoral da Terra - CPT
Comitê de Desenvolvimento Sustentável de Porto Moz
Comitê em Defesa da Vida das Crianças Altamirenses
Comitê Independente por Justiça Ambiental/RJ
Comitê Metropolitano Xingu Vivo (CMXV) - Belém - PA
Conselho Indigenista Missionário - CIMI
Elo, Ligação e Organização
Federação das Associações de Moradores e Organizações Comunitárias de Santarém - FAMCOS
Fórum da Amazônia Oriental - Rede FAOR
Frente em Defesa da Amazônia, Santarém
Fundação Tocaia,  Altamira, Pará
Fundación M'Bigua. Ciudadanía y Justicia Ambiental
Gaia Foundation
Grupo Pesquisador em Educação Ambiental, Comunicação e Arte, UFMT
Grupo de Trabalho Amazônico - GTA
Indigenous Peoples Cultural Support Trust
Instituto Indígena Maiwu de Estudos e Pesquisa de MT
Instituto EQUIT - Genero, Economia e Cidadania Global
Indigenous Peoples Cultural Support TrustInstituto Humanitas de Belém, Pará
Instituto de Transformance: Cultura e Educação
Instituto Amazônia Solidária e Sustentável-IAMAS
Instituto Caracol
International Rivers
Jornal A Verdade
Justiça Global
MMCC - Itaituba
Moradores da Comunidade Belo Monte
Movimento de Mulheres Campo e Cidade - PA
Movimento de Mulheres Trabalhadoras de Altamira Campo e Cidade
Movimento de Mulheres Trabalhadores de Placas
Movimento Negro Altamira e Região
Movimento das Mulheres Campo e Cidade - Transamazônica e Xingu
Movimento Luta de Classes - MLC
Movimento de Luta nos Bairros, Vilas e Favelas - MLB
Movimento Nacional de Direitos Humanos (MNDH)
MPA/Via Campesina
Paraense de Apoio às Comunidades Carentes - APACC
Partido Comunista Revolucionário - PCR
PJR/Via Campesina
Prelazia do Xingu
Rádio Rural de Santarém, Pa.
Rede Brasil sobre Instituições Financeiras Multilaterais
Rede Brasileira de Arteducadores
Sociedade Paraense de Defesa de Direitos Humanos (SDDH)
SOS Vida
Sindicato dos Trabalhadores Rurais de Lucas do Rio Verde - MT
Sindicato de Trabalhadores e Trabaalhadoras Rurais de Porto de Moz
Sindicato dos Trabalhadores da Limpeza Urbana do Pará - Sindilimp/PA
SINTEPP Regional
Sociedade Paraense de Defesa dos Direitos Humanos
Society for Threatened Peoples International
Survival International
Terra de Direitos
União dos Estudantes Secundaristas de Belém - UESB
União dos Estudantes de Ensino Superior de Santarém - UES
União da Juventude Rebelião - UJR
União da Juventude Organizada do Xingu - UJOX

More information: 


Antônia Melo Silva
Coordinator, Movimento Xingu Vivo para Sempre - MXVPS
Tel: (93) 3515-2927. 9135-1505

Enoy Njoura Sena
Aliança Tapajós Vivo
Email: enoysena@yahoo.com.br
Tel: (93) 9122-6398

Nilfo Wandscheer
President, STR Lucas do Rio Verde
Movimento Tapajós Livre
Email: nilfo@gmail.com
Tel: (65) 9995-7668

Jorge Gustavo Neves Pedrosa
Instituto Madeira Vivo
Email: imvivo2008@gmail.com
Tel: (69) 8423-7671

Marcos Apurinã - Coordinator
Sonia Guajajara - Vice -Coordinator
Coordenação das Organizações Indígenas da Amazônia Brasileira
Tel: (92) 3621-7501