Prototype Carbon Fund (PCF)

Status Note on Hydro and the CDM. Prepared for COP 9, Milan

Saturday, November 1, 2003
Large Hydro Still a Large Problem for the CDM As the CDM approval process nears the point at which the first projects may soon be registered, large hydro projects continue to be a concern. In addition to the millions of credits already being claimed by CDM large hydro projects, many more have signalled an interest in using the CDM. At the same time, concerns about the non-additionality of large hydro projects has been borne out by the validation opinions for the Dutch CERUPT projects and the baseline methodology review of other large hydros, underlining the need to exclude them altogether. Als

Status Note on Hydro and the CDM, May 2003

Thursday, May 1, 2003
The Good, the Bad and the Dammed UglyIn October 2002, International Rivers and CDM Watch published “Damming the CDM: Why Big Hydro is Ruining the Clean Development Mechanism.” The report showed that a significant proportion of proposed Clean Development Mechanism credits could be captured by “non-additional,” business-asusual, large hydro projects. “Damming the CDM” warned that this trend threatened to undermine the effectiveness and credibility of the Kyoto Protocol.The seven months since our report was released have seen positive and negative developments relating to hydro in the

CDM Large Hydro Status Note for the World Bank/IETA Carbon Expo, June 2004

Tuesday, June 1, 2004
The World Bank claims that its flagship carbon market vehicle – the Prototype Carbon Fund (PCF) – is focussed primarily on renewables, and includes small hydro as one of the most common renewable technologies it is developing. This is deliberately misleading. The Bank includes hydro projects up to 43MW as “small hydro” in its calculations, many times the commonly accepted capacity limit of 10MW. In fact, of the 8 CDM hydro projects currently being developed by the PCF, 5 are in excess of 10MW and thus large hydro projects, not renewables. These 5 projects generate nearly twice as many

International Rivers Comments on Trojes, Benito Juarez & Chilatan Hydros (Mexico)

Sunday, June 20, 2004
Current Status: Trojes was Registered on 4 November 2006; Benito Juarez's Validation was terminated, and there no longer any CDM records for Chilatan (as of Aug 2009) Comments on the World Bank PCF CDM Project Design Document for the the Mexico INELEC Hydroelectric Umbrella ProjectSubmitted to the World Bank’s Prototype Carbon Fund I have common concerns regarding the additionality of the three Mexican hydropower projects under public review ending May 23: the Trojes, Benito Juarez, Chilatan hydroelectric projects. Almost identical additionality discussions are used for these three projec

Comments on El Gallo Large Hydro Project (Mexico)

Wednesday, September 1, 2004
Current Status: Registered on 14 July 2006 Comments on Project Design Document for the World Bank Prototype Carbon Fund El Gallo Large Hydro Project (Mexico)Submitted to the PCF My comments on the El Gallo hydroelectric project are very similar to the comments I previously submitted on the Mexican Trojes, Benito Juarez, and Chilatan hydroelectric projects.While it is argued that the project developers have had difficulty assuring full financing for the project and that the involvement of the PCF in the project helps lend credibility to the project, for a number of reasons it seems very likely

The World Bank and CDM Large Hydro: Status Note for COP 10, Buenos Aires

Wednesday, December 1, 2004
In the six months since our last CDM large hydro status note, the World Bank has continued to unveil new CDM large hydro projects of questionable additionality - including the largest hydro project in its carbon portfolio to date. None of these projects have demonstrated compliance with the recommendations of the World Commission on Dams. The World Bank continues to cling to the fiction that all of the projects are "small hydro".

Letter To World Bank PCF Regarding Misuse of the Term "Small Hydro"

Thursday, August 12, 2004
Ken NewcombeFund Manager, Prototype Carbon FundThe World Bank1818 H Street, NWWashington, DC 20433 Dear Mr. Newcombe, We are writing to you concerning your erroneous and misleading use of the term "small hydro" to describe all hydroelectric projects in the Prototype Carbon Fund’s Clean Development Mechanism portfolio. We ask that you correct this language on your website and in future publications. The most commonly used definition of small hydro is that it applies to projects with an installed capacity of not more than 10 MW. According to the International Association for Small Hydro, the 1

Comments on World Bank PCF Xiaogushan Large Hydro Project (China)

Sunday, August 21, 2005
Current Status: Registered on 11 August 2006 Submitted to Japan Consulting Institute (JCI) Project Overview: Status: Under construction.Location: Heihe River, Gansu ProvinceType: 98MW diversion hydropowerProject Participants: World Bank Prototype Carbon Fund (PCF); Xiaogushan Hydropower Co. Ltd. (XHC)Estimated generation: 358 GWh/yClaimed emission reductions: 312,368 tCO2/year (3,123,680 tCO2 over 10 years)Funding: 35% from Asian Development Bank the rest ($52m) from domestic sourcesXiaogushan is non–additional and therefore cannot be validated as a CDM project. Project documentation from

CTE/CEE Bankwatch Comments 16 Small Hydros in the Czech Republic

Friday, April 1, 2005
Comments on Non–Additionality of 16 Small Hydros in the Czech Republic (World Bank PCF Joint Implementation Project)Submitted to Det Norske Veritas (DNV) We raise our concerns about the additionality of the proposed 16 small hydropower plants projects in the Czech Republic. The country is according to the EU Accession Treaty oblidged to meet the target of 8% renewables in its gross electricity consumption in 2010. This target is also being adopted in other energy– and environment–related policies and documents. The target can be considered quite ambitious and thus the parliament recentl


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